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Association between goal nutrition and intubation in patients with bronchiolitis on noninvasive ventilation: A retrospective cohort study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2024 Jan;48(1):100-107



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85177094044 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)


BACKGROUND: Acute bronchiolitis causes many hospitalizations in children younger than 2 years. Early enteral nutrition is associated with improved outcomes in these patients. However, often nutrition is withheld when patients require noninvasive respiratory support because of the risk of aspiration worsening respiratory failure, possibly requiring intubation. We hypothesize that achieving goal energy intake is associated with a lower intubation rate in hospitalized children with bronchiolitis who require noninvasive ventilation.

METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined the association between goal enteral nutrition (60% of dietary reference energy intake) and intubation rates. We grouped patients by severity of illness and compared intubation rates in those who met goal energy to those who did not. We use stratified analysis methods (for both level of respiratory support and feeding route) to evaluate progression to intubation.

RESULTS: Of the 272 patients, 215 met goal feeds. These groups had similar demographics, but the goal-feeds group started on higher respiratory support in the pediatric intensive care unit. We found that 4.65% of the patients who met goal feeds required intubation compared with 24.6% of patients who did not meet goal feeds (Pā€‰<ā€‰0.0001), even after controlling for respiratory status at admission and time of feed initiation and feeding route.

CONCLUSION: We observed when adjusting for severity, feeding route, and respiratory support, achieving goal energy intake remained associated with a lower rate of intubation, without higher rates of aspiration. Confounding factors include practice variation and difference in severity of illness that objective scoring may have missed.

Author List

Huq S, Pareek R, Stowe A, Smith K, Mikhailov T


Theresa A. Mikhailov MD, PhD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Noninvasive Ventilation
Retrospective Studies