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The effect of hypoxia on plasma leptin and insulin in newborn and juvenile rats. Endocrine 1999 Aug;11(1):37-9

Date

02/11/2000

Pubmed ID

10668639

DOI

10.1385/ENDO:11:1:37

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0032750219   48 Citations

Abstract

Hypoxia leads to a decrease in food intake and attenuated weight gain in rats. The purpose of this study was to measure plasma leptin and insulin in young rats exposed to hypoxia for 7 d as compared to a normoxic control group of the same age. One group was exposed from birth to 7 d of age; the other was exposed from 28 to 35 d of age (weaned at 21 d of age). As expected, body weight was significantly lower in rats of either age exposed to hypoxia for 7 d. Plasma leptin was significantly lower in hypoxic (2.0+/-0.2 ng/mL; n = 41) compared with normoxic (2.6+/-0.3 ng/mL; n = 30) 7-d-old rats. Plasma leptin was also significantly lower in hypoxic (1.1+/-0.1 ng/mL; n = 20) as compared to normoxic (1.5+/-0.1 ng/mL; n = 20) 35-d-old rats. Seven-day-old rats exposed to hypoxia demonstrated significant increases in plasma glucose and insulin whereas 35-d-old rats exhibited a decrease in both variables. We conclude that exposure to hypoxia for 7 d leads to a decrease in body weight and plasma leptin in infant and juvenile rats. The decrease in leptin may be an attempt to reverse hypoxia-induced anorexia.

Author List

Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM

Author

Hershel Raff PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aging
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Blood Glucose
Body Weight
Female
Hypoxia
Insulin
Leptin
Pregnancy
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d