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Renal transplantation for end-stage renal disease following bone marrow transplantation: a report of six cases, with and without immunosuppression. Clin Transplant 1999 Aug;13(4):330-5

Date

09/15/1999

Pubmed ID

10485375

DOI

10.1034/j.1399-0012.1999.130409.x

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0032814930   73 Citations

Abstract

UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND. Over 12000 bone marrow transplantations (BMT) are performed in the USA each year. This procedure is associated with significant morbidity including acute and chronic renal failure (CRF). CRF after BMT is usually secondary to radiation nephropathy and,or cyclosporine (CsA) toxicity. Survival on dialysis therapy for patients with radiation nephropathy is poor and renal transplantation may be a preferable form of renal-replacement therapy.

METHODS: We report our experience with renal transplantation in 6 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) following BMT: 4 as a result of radiation nephropathy; one secondary to hemolytic uremic syndrome; and 1 as a result of antitubular basement membrane nephritis. Ages at the time of BMT ranged from 26 to 40 yr. ESRD developed after a mean period of 94 months (range 42-140 months) after BMT. The kidney source was from a living donor in 5 patients, and a cadaveric donor (CAD) in 1 patient. In 3 recipients, the bone marrow and kidney were from the same donor. They are managed without any immunosuppressive therapy. The other 3 were initiated on triple therapy (prednisone, mycophenolate mofetil/azathioprine and cyclosporine/tacrolimus).

RESULTS: These patients have been followed for up to 31 months (range 3-30 months) after kidney transplant, and 5 out of 6 are alive with functioning bone marrow and renal transplants. Their plasma creatinines range from 70 to 160 micromol/L (mean 97 micromol/L). One patient died following metastatic squamous cell cancer of the genital tract.

CONCLUSIONS: 1) Renal transplant is a feasible alternative for patients with ESRD following BMT: 2) if bone marrow and kidney are from the same donor, the recipient requires little or no maintenance immunosuppression; 3) short-term results show good survival, but long-term follow-up is needed: 4) infections and malignancy post-renal transplantation were seen in recipients who needed immunosuppression; and 5) reduction in immunosuppression may be needed in such post-BMT patients who undergo kidney transplants.

Author List

Butcher JA, Hariharan S, Adams MB, Johnson CP, Roza AM, Cohen EP

Authors

Christopher P. Johnson MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Allan M. Roza MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Female
Humans
Immunosuppressive Agents
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Kidney Transplantation
Male
Retrospective Studies
Tissue Donors
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