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Post-transplant renal function in the first year predicts long-term kidney transplant survival. Kidney Int 2002 Jul;62(1):311-8

Date

06/26/2002

Pubmed ID

12081593

DOI

10.1046/j.1523-1755.2002.00424.x

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0036314948   553 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Improvements in long-term kidney graft survival have been recently noted. However, the reasons for this were unclear. This study examined post-transplant renal function within the first year as an independent variable influencing long-term survival.

METHODS: The influence of demographic characteristics (age, sex, race); transplant variables (cadaver versus living donor, cold ischemia time, HLA mismatching, delayed graft function and transplant year), and post-transplant variables (immunosuppressive agents for the prevention of acute rejection, clinical acute rejection and post-transplant renal function in the first year) on graft survival were analyzed for 105,742 adult renal transplants between 1988 and 1998. Renal function in the first year was expressed as serum creatinine at six months and one year and delta creatinine (change in serum creatinine between 6 months and 1 year). Graft half-life was used to measure long-term survival.

RESULTS: During this 11-year period, the one-year serum creatinine values for cadaver recipients steadily improved, from 1.82 +/- 0.82 mg/dL in 1988 to 1.67 +/- 0.82 mg/dL in 1998 (P < 0.001), as did the graft half-life. There was a progressive decline in graft half-life for each incremental increase of six month, one year and Delta creatinine for living and cadaver donor transplants as well for cadaver transplants with donor age > and < or =50 years. The Relative Hazard (RH) for graft failure was 1.63 (1.61, 1.65; P < 0.0001) with each increment of 1.0 mg/dL of serum creatinine at one year post-transplant and it increased to 2.26 (2.2, 2.31; P < 0.0001) when the Delta creatinine was 0.5 mg/dL. The RH reduction for graft failure was substantially lower for the years 1993, 1996, 1997 and 1998 when post-transplant renal function was not included in the model (P < 0.05). However, the RH reduction per year was not different when post-transplant creatinine was included in the model, 1.01 (0.94 to 1.05; P = 0.89).

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, one-year creatinine and Delta creatinine values predict long-term renal graft survival. Recent improvements in graft half-life are related to conservation of renal function within the first year post-transplantation.

Author List

Hariharan S, McBride MA, Cherikh WS, Tolleris CB, Bresnahan BA, Johnson CP

Authors

Barbara A. Bresnahan MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Christopher P. Johnson MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Creatinine
Humans
Kidney
Kidney Transplantation
Proportional Hazards Models
Survival Rate
Time Factors
jenkins-FCD Prod-478 d1509cf07a111124a2d122fd3df854cc0b993c00