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Molecular dynamics of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine membranes containing transmembrane alpha-helical peptides with alternating leucine and alanine residues. Biochemistry 2003 Apr 08;42(13):3939-48

Date

04/02/2003

Pubmed ID

12667085

DOI

10.1021/bi020636y

Abstract

The effects of the transmembrane alpha-helical peptide Ac-K(2)(LA)(12)K(2)-amide [(LA)(12)] on the molecular organization and dynamics of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC) membranes were investigated using conventional and saturation-recovery EPR observations of phosphatidylcholine spin labels, and the results were compared with our earlier, similar study of Ac-K(2)L(24)K(2)-amide (L(24)) [Subczynski, W. K., Lewis, R. N. A. H., McElhaney, R. N., Hodges, R. S., Hyde, J. S., and Kusumi, A. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 3156-3164]. At peptide-to-POPC ratios between 1/10 and 1/40, both methods (covering a time scale of 100 ps-10 micros) detect the presence of a single homogeneous membrane environment for both peptides, suggesting that these peptides are both well dispersed and that POPC is exchanging rapidly between the boundary and the bulk domains. The local diffusion-solubility product of oxygen molecules (oxygen transport parameter) in the membrane, studied by saturation-recovery EPR, decreases by a factor of about 2 by including 10 mol % (LA)(12) whereas incorporating L(24) has practically no effect. (LA)(12) increases the alkyl chain order of POPC more than L(24). L(24) increases hydrophobicity (decreases the degree of water penetration into the hydrophobic region of the membrane) more than does (LA)(12). We ascribe the much stronger effects of (LA)(12) on membrane order and dynamics to the increased roughness of its hydrophobic surface and also to the increased motional freedom of its leucine side chains. In L(24), the leucine side chains are packed tightly, giving a smooth hydrophobic surface. In (LA)(12), they are separated by the small methyl groups of the alanine side chains, giving them additional motional freedom and the ability to protrude between the phospholipid hydrocarbon chains. The frequency of gauche-trans isomerization of hydrocarbon chains and concentration of vacant pockets (voids) in the lipid bilayer are thus reduced, which decreases oxygen transport. This explanation was confirmed by calculating the orientational order of leucine side chains in (LA)(12) and L(24) from molecular dynamics simulation studies.

Author List

Subczynski WK, Pasenkiewicz-Gierula M, McElhaney RN, Hyde JS, Kusumi A

Author

Witold K. Subczynski PhD Professor in the Biophysics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Alanine
Binding Sites
Biological Transport
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Leucine
Lipid Bilayers
Membranes, Artificial
Models, Chemical
Molecular Conformation
Oxygen
Peptide Fragments
Phosphatidylcholines
Protein Structure, Secondary
Temperature