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Effect of lovastatin on serum lipids in patients with nonfamilial primary hypercholesterolemia. Clin Ther 1989 Nov-Dec;11(6):862-72

Date

11/01/1989

Pubmed ID

2611825

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0024788003   4 Citations

Abstract

The effect of lovastatin on serum lipids and its tolerability in patients with non-familial primary hypercholesterolemia (type II-A and type II-B) during a six-month period were evaluated in this open-label study. Thirty-eight patients were enrolled in the study; tolerability was assessed in all 38 patients. Thirty patients completed the study, and the effect of lovastatin on serum lipids in these patients was assessed. Some patients had been treated for hypercholesterolemia with long-term dietary and other non-pharmacologic means before entry into the study. All patients were unresponsive to a six-week program of intensive dietary therapy and other nonpharmacologic treatment to lower their blood cholesterol levels before receiving lovastatin. While maintaining intensive dietary therapy, administration of lovastatin was instituted at a dosage of 20 mg/day, which was increased by 20-mg increments monthly, as necessary, to a maximum of 80 mg/day. In an effort to achieve goal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), ten patients received a daily dosage of 20 mg, 12 patients received 40 mg, seven patients 60 mg, and one patient 80 mg. Twenty-nine of the 30 patients achieved significant lowering of serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C, and apolipoprotein (apo) B-I; this was demonstrated after the first month of therapy with lovastatin and was maintained throughout the six-month treatment period. One patient failed to demonstrate lowering of these serum lipids, despite receiving the maximum recommended dosage of lovastatin of 80 mg/day. Comparative measurements of serum lipids during dietary therapy alone and after six months of diet plus lovastatin therapy were as follows: TC, 289 +/- 5 versus 216 +/- 9 mg/dl (P less than 0.0005); LDL-C, 206 +/- 4 versus 141 +/- 5 mg/dl (P less than 0.0005); and apo B-I, 112 +/- 3 versus 89 +/- 2 mg/dl (P less than 0.0005). Serum levels of very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and triglycerides decreased slightly during lovastatin therapy, but the changes were not statistically significant. There were slight but statistically insignificant increases in serum levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apo A-I, and apo A-II.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Author List

Itskovitz HD, Flamenbaum W, De Gaetano C, Pritchard KA Jr, Stemerman MB

Author

Kirkwood A. Pritchard PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Aged
Apolipoproteins
Female
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia
Lipids
Lovastatin
Male
Middle Aged
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a