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Cyclooxygenase- and lipoxygenase-dependent relaxation to arachidonic acid in rabbit small mesenteric arteries. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2005 Jan;288(1):H302-9



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-11144348685   20 Citations


We recently reported that the lipoxygenase product 11,12,15-trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (THETA) mediates arachidonic acid (AA)-induced relaxation in the rabbit aorta. This study was designed to determine whether this lipoxygenase metabolite is involved in relaxation responses to AA in rabbit small mesenteric arteries. AA (10(-9)-10(-4) M) produced potent relaxations in isolated phenylephrine-preconstricted arteries, with a maximal relaxation of 99 +/- 0.5% and EC(50) of 50 nM. The cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors indomethacin (10 microM), NS-398 (10 microM, selective for COX-2), and SC-560 (100 nM, selective for COX-1) caused a marked rightward shift of concentration responses to AA. With the use of immunohistochemical analysis, both COX-1 and COX-2 were detected in endothelium and smooth muscle of small mesenteric arteries. Indomethacin-resistant relaxations were further reduced by the lipoxygenase inhibitors cinnamyl-3,4-dihydroxy-cyanocinnamate (CDC; 1 muM), nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA; 1 microM), and ebselen (1 microM). HPLC analysis showed that [(14)C]AA was metabolized by mesenteric arteries to PGI(2), PGE(2), THETAs, hydroxyepoxyeicosatrienoic acids (HEETAs), and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE). The production of PGI(2) and PGE(2) was blocked by indomethacin, and the production of THETAs, HEETAs, and 15-HETE was inhibited by CDC and NDGA. Column fractions corresponding to THETAs were further purified, analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and identified as 11,12,15- and 11,14,15-THETA. PGI(2), PGE(2), and purified THETA fractions relaxed mesenteric arteries precontracted with phenylephrine. The AA- and THETA-induced relaxations were blocked by high K(+) (60 mM). These findings provide functional and biochemical evidence that AA-induced relaxation in rabbit small mesenteric arteries is mediated through both COX and lipoxygenase pathways.

Author List

Zhang DX, Gauthier KM, Chawengsub Y, Holmes BB, Campbell WB


William B. Campbell PhD Chair, Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
David X. Zhang MD, PhD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Arachidonic Acid
Cyclooxygenase 1
Cyclooxygenase 2
In Vitro Techniques
Mesenteric Arteries
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a