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The spectrum of congenital heart disease and outcomes after surgical repair among children with Turner syndrome: a single-center review. Pediatr Cardiol 2014 Feb;35(2):253-60



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84893694062   35 Citations


Turner syndrome (TS), a genetic abnormality affecting 1 in 2,500 people, is commonly associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, the surgical outcomes for TS patients have not been well described. This study reviewed the spectrum of CHD in TS at the authors' center. The authors report outcomes after coarctation of the aorta (CoA) repair or staged palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and then compare the surgical outcomes with those of non-TS patients undergoing like repair. This retrospective chart review was conducted at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin from 1999 to 2011. Of the 173 patients with TS, 77 (44.5 %) were found to have CHD. Left-sided obstructive lesions were the most common. However, the spectrum of CHD was wide and included systemic and pulmonary venous abnormalities as well as abnormalities of the coronary arteries. In the comparative analysis of CoA repair, the TS patients younger than 60 days had longer aortic cross-clamp times (24 vs. 16 min; p = 0.001) and longer hospital stays (12 vs. 6 days; p ≤ 0.0001) than the non-TS patients. At the follow-up assessment after 8.8 ± 9.1 years, 17 % of the TS patients had hypertension, but no patient had required reintervention, and no deaths had occurred. Finally, three of the four TS patients with HLHS died within the first year. The spectrum of CHD within TS is wide and not limited to bicuspid aortic valve or CoA. Additionally, patients with TS undergoing CoA repair may have a more challenging early postoperative course but experience outcomes similar to those of non-TS patients. Finally, patients who have TS combined with HLHS remain a challenging population with generally poor survival.

Author List

Cramer JW, Bartz PJ, Simpson PM, Zangwill SD


Peter J. Bartz MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Pippa M. Simpson PhD Chief, Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Abnormalities, Multiple
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Defects, Congenital
Infant, Newborn
Length of Stay
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Turner Syndrome
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a