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Pain reports in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. J Child Health Care 2015 Mar;19(1):43-52



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84924937003   2 Citations


The purpose of this study is to examine prevalence rates of pain reports in youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and potential predictors of pain. Pain is a common and debilitating symptom of diabetic polyneuropathies. There is currently little research regarding pain in youth with T1DM. It was predicted that self-care and general health factors would predict pain as suggested by the general pain literature. Participants (N = 269) ranged in age from 13 to 17 years; youth had a mean time since diagnosis of 5.8 years. Data collected included diabetes self-management variables, ratings of the patient's current functioning and pain intensity ('current'), and information collected about experiences that occurred in the time preceding each appointment ('interim'). About half of the youth (n = 121, 49.0%) reported any interim pain across both appointments. Female adolescents and those individuals who were physically active and/or utilized health-care system more acutely were more likely to report interim central nervous system pain. Improved diabetes self-management and increased level of physical activity may reduce experiences of pain and increase the quality of life of youth with T1DM. Regular monitoring of both current and interim pain experiences of youth with T1DM is recommended.

Author List

Tran ST, Salamon KS, Hainsworth KR, Kichler JC, Davies WH, Alemzadeh R, Weisman SJ


W. Hobart Davies Professor & Chair in the Phychology department at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Keri Hainsworth PhD Associate Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Steven J. Weisman MD Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Retrospective Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d