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Better leukemia-free and overall survival in AML in first remission following cyclophosphamide in combination with busulfan compared with TBI. Blood 2013 Dec 05;122(24):3863-70



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84891072099   99 Citations


Cyclophosphamide combined with total body irradiation (Cy/TBI) or busulfan (BuCy) are the most widely used myeloablative conditioning regimens for allotransplants. Recent data regarding their comparative effectiveness are lacking. We analyzed data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research for 1230 subjects receiving a first hematopoietic cell transplant from a human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling or from an unrelated donor during the years 2000 to 2006 for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR) after conditioning with Cy/TBI or oral or intravenous (IV) BuCy. Multivariate analysis showed significantly less nonrelapse mortality (relative risk [RR] = 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39-0.86; P = .007), and relapse after, but not before, 1 year posttransplant (RR = 0.23; 95% CI: 0.08-0.65; P = .006), and better leukemia-free survival (RR = 0.70; 95% CI: 0.55-0.88; P = .003) and survival (RR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.52-0.88; P = .003) in persons receiving IV, but not oral, Bu compared with TBI. In combination with Cy, IV Bu is associated with superior outcomes compared with TBI in patients with AML in first CR.

Author List

Copelan EA, Hamilton BK, Avalos B, Ahn KW, Bolwell BJ, Zhu X, Aljurf M, van Besien K, Bredeson C, Cahn JY, Costa LJ, de Lima M, Gale RP, Hale GA, Halter J, Hamadani M, Inamoto Y, Kamble RT, Litzow MR, Loren AW, Marks DI, Olavarria E, Roy V, Sabloff M, Savani BN, Seftel M, Schouten HC, Ustun C, Waller EK, Weisdorf DJ, Wirk B, Horowitz MM, Arora M, Szer J, Cortes J, Kalaycio ME, Maziarz RT, Saber W


Kwang Woo Ahn PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mehdi H. Hamadani MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wael Saber MD, MS Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Child, Preschool
Combined Modality Therapy
Disease-Free Survival
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Leukemia, Myeloid
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Remission Induction
Time Factors
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
Unrelated Donors
Whole-Body Irradiation
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0