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Domestic violence among male and female patients seeking emergency medical services. Violence Vict 2005 Apr;20(2):187-206



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-22944434930   47 Citations


Gender differences among a cohort of injured patients seeking emergency medical services were examined with respect to their experiences as perpetrators and/or victims of domestic violence. Contextual issues, including violence initiation, emotional and behavioral responses to partner-initiated violence, and injury frequency and severity were analyzed. Women reported male partner-initiated violence more frequently than men reported female partner-initiated violence. Behavioral responses to partner initiated violence varied. Women were more likely to report using force back and to involve law enforcement. Women were more likely to be injured in a domestic assault over their lifetime, within the last year, and at the time of recruitment. Comparison of injury severity revealed that women reported higher rates of injuries than men in all possible severity categories. Women also reported experiencing more fear than men during partner-initiated violence, as well as being subjected to larger numbers of dominating and controlling behaviors, and greater intimidation secondary to their partner's size. Understanding contextual differences in partner violence for women and men has significant implications for policy development, identification, treatment, and referral of patients identified as living in violent relationships.

Author List

Phelan MB, Hamberger LK, Guse CE, Edwards S, Walczak S, Zosel A


Mary Beth Phelan MD, RDMS Professor in the Emergency Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Amy Elizabeth Zosel MD Associate Professor in the Emergency Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Crime Victims
Cross-Sectional Studies
Domestic Violence
Emergency Medical Services
Gender Identity
Interpersonal Relations
Interviews as Topic
Middle Aged
Midwestern United States
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Social Isolation
Wounds and Injuries