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Effects of pH-induced variations of the charge of the transmembrane alpha-helical peptide Ac-K2(LA)12K2-amide on the organization and dynamics of the host dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer membrane. Biochim Biophys Acta 2005 Dec 30;1720(1-2):99-109

Date

02/14/2006

Pubmed ID

16472557

DOI

10.1016/j.bbamem.2005.11.014

Abstract

The effects of the transmembrane alpha-helical peptide Ac-K(2)(LA)(12)K(2)-amide ((LA)(12)) on the phase transition and dynamics of saturated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) membranes were investigated at different pH using conventional and saturation-recovery EPR observations of phosphatidylcholine spin labels. At a peptide-to-DMPC ratio of 1/10, the main phase-transition temperature of the DMPC bilayer is decreased by 4.0 degrees C when measured at pH 7.0, by 1.6 degrees C when measured at pH 9.5, and not affected when measured at pH 11.5. This reversible pH effect is due to the subsequent neutralization of the positive charges of lysine side chains at both ends of (LA)(12). Apparent pK(a)s of the lysine side chain amino groups of (LA)(12) in DMPC bilayer are 8.6 and approximately 10.9, as compared with the pK(a) value of 10.5 for these groups when lysine is dissolved in water. Saturation-recovery curves as a function of oxygen concentration using phosphatidylcholine spin labels in DMPC bilayer containing (LA)(12) are always mono-exponential when measured at pH 7.0 and 9.5. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that the lipid exchange rates among the bulk, boundary, and (LA)(12)-rich regions are faster than 0.5 micros, the electron spin-lattice relaxation time in the presence of molecular oxygen, suggesting that stable oligomers of (LA)(12) do not form. Neutralization of one lysine side chain positive charge on each end of the peptide significantly decreases the ordering effect of (LA)(12) on the lipid hydrocarbon chains, while its effect on the reorientational motion of terminal groups of lipid hydrocarbon chains is rather moderate. It does not affect the local diffusion-solubility product of oxygen measured in the DMPC-(LA)(12) membrane interior.

Author List

Subczynski WK, Wisniewska A, Kusumi A, McElhaney RN

Author

Witold K. Subczynski PhD Professor in the Biophysics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine
Electrochemistry
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lipid Bilayers
Peptides