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Allotransplantation for patients age ≥40 years with non-Hodgkin lymphoma: encouraging progression-free survival. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2014 Jul;20(7):960-8

Date

03/20/2014

Pubmed ID

24641829

Pubmed Central ID

PMC4057955

DOI

10.1016/j.bbmt.2014.03.013

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84902120179   28 Citations

Abstract

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) disproportionately affects older patients, who do not often undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We analyzed Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research data on 1248 patients age ≥40 years receiving reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) or nonmyeloablative (NMA) conditioning HCT for aggressive (n = 668) or indolent (n = 580) NHL. Aggressive lymphoma was more frequent in the oldest cohort 49% for age 40 to 54 versus 57% for age 55 to 64 versus 67% for age ≥65; P = .0008). Fewer patients aged ≥65 had previous autografting (26% versus 24% versus 9%; P = .002). Rates of relapse, acute and chronic GVHD, and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 1 year post-HCT were similar in the 3 age cohorts (22% [95% confidence interval (CI), 19% to 26%] for age 40 to 54, 27% [95% CI, 23% to 31%] for age 55 to 64, and 34% [95% CI, 24% to 44%] for age ≥65. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 3 years was slightly lower in the older cohorts (OS: 54% [95% CI, 50% to 58%] for age 40 to 54; 40% [95% CI, 36% to 44%] for age 55 to 64, and 39% [95% CI, 28% to 50%] for age ≥65; P < .0001). Multivariate analysis revealed no significant effect of age on the incidence of acute or chronic GVHD or relapse. Age ≥55 years, Karnofsky Performance Status <80, and HLA mismatch adversely affected NRM, PFS, and OS. Disease status at HCT, but not histological subtype, was associated with worse NRM, relapse, PFS, and OS. Even for patients age ≥55 years, OS still approached 40% at 3 years, suggesting that HCT affects long-term remission and remains underused in qualified older patients with NHL.

Author List

McClune BL, Ahn KW, Wang HL, Antin JH, Artz AS, Cahn JY, Deol A, Freytes CO, Hamadani M, Holmberg LA, Jagasia MH, Jakubowski AA, Kharfan-Dabaja MA, Lazarus HM, Miller AM, Olsson R, Pedersen TL, Pidala J, Pulsipher MA, Rowe JM, Saber W, van Besien KW, Waller EK, Aljurf MD, Akpek G, Bacher U, Chao NJ, Chen YB, Cooper BW, Dehn J, de Lima MJ, Hsu JW, Lewis ID, Marks DI, McGuirk J, Cairo MS, Schouten HC, Szer J, Ramanathan M, Savani BN, Seftel M, Socie G, Vij R, Warlick ED, Weisdorf DJ

Authors

Kwang Woo Ahn PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mehdi H. Hamadani MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wael Saber MD, MS Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Age Factors
Disease-Free Survival
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Male
Middle Aged
Survival Analysis
Transplantation Conditioning
Transplantation, Homologous
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0