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The risk of secondary malignancies over 30 years after the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cancer 2006 Jul 01;107(1):108-15



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33745311546   126 Citations


BACKGROUND: Survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are at increased risk for developing secondary malignancies. For the current study, the authors quantitated this risk in a group of NHL survivors over 30 years of follow-up.

METHODS: Standardized incidence ratios (observed-to-expected [O/E] ratio) and absolute excess risk of secondary malignancies were assessed in 77,876 patients who were diagnosed with NHL between 1973 and 2001 from centers that participated in the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program.

RESULTS: There were 5638 patients who developed secondary malignancies, significantly more than the endemic rate (O/E, 1.14; P < .001). Overall, irradiated patients had a similar risk of secondary malignancies compared with unirradiated patients (relative risk, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.98-1.10; P = .21). Irradiated patients had excess risk for sarcomas, breast cancers, and mesothelioma compared with unirradiated survivors (P < .05). Patients age <25 years at the time of their NHL diagnosis had the highest relative increased risk (no radiation: O/E, 2.1; P < .05; radiation: O/E, 4.51; P < .05). Overall, no statistical difference was observed for secondary cancer incidence between females and males (O/E, 1.12 vs. 1.15, respectively). Female survivors of NHL were less likely to develop breast cancer than the general population (O/E, 0.85; P < .05), but women age <25 years at the time of their NHL diagnosis were more likely to develop breast cancer (no radiation: O/E, 2.1; P < .05; radiation: O/E, 4.51; P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: The overall risk of secondary malignancies was increased for NHL survivors and varied according to age at NHL diagnosis, gender, and treatment.

Author List

Tward JD, Wendland MM, Shrieve DC, Szabo A, Gaffney DK


Aniko Szabo PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Age of Onset
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Middle Aged
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a