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Sex differences in outcomes of sinus surgery. Laryngoscope 2006 Jul;116(7):1199-203



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33747169086   28 Citations


PURPOSE: Sex has been demonstrated to affect outcome in many diseases. Our current aim is to investigate the relationship between sex and outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

METHODS: Forty-four males and 73 females undergoing ESS for CRS with a mean follow-up of 1.4 years were evaluated prospectively. Computed tomography (CT), endoscopy, and quality of life (QOL) assessment was performed. Univariate analyses were performed to evaluate whether sex was predictive of outcome. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate sex association with patient factors predictive of outcome.

RESULTS: Although no sex differences in CT and endoscopy were observed (CT, P=.107 and endoscopy, P>.1), females consistently scored worse than males on disease-specific QOL pre- and postoperatively. Importantly, there was no effect of sex on improvement/change scores for the QOL instruments. PREDICTIVE MODELS AND MULTIPLE LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS: Sex was not found to be predictive of QOL or endoscopic outcome. Female sex was, however, associated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) intolerance and depression, both factors that have been associated with poorer outcome.

CONCLUSION: Despite similarities in objective disease measures, females report significantly worse QOL scores pre- and postoperatively. Postoperative improvement did not differ by sex, nor was sex predictive of postoperative outcome. Sex differences in QOL reflect sex differences in ASA intolerance and depression, both more prevalent in females.

Author List

Mendolia-Loffredo S, Laud PW, Sparapani R, Loehrl TA, Smith TL


Purushottam W. Laud PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Todd A. Loehrl MD Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Rodney Sparapani PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Chronic Disease
Follow-Up Studies
Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures
Paranasal Sinuses
Postoperative Complications
Postoperative Period
Prospective Studies
Quality of Life
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
United States
jenkins-FCD Prod-478 d1509cf07a111124a2d122fd3df854cc0b993c00