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Evaluation of metalloprotease inhibitors on hypertension and diabetic nephropathy. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2011 Apr;300(4):F983-98



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Scopus ID

2-s2.0-79954516523 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   38 Citations


This study examined the effects of two new selective metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitors, XL081 and XL784, on the development of renal injury in rat models of hypertension, Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) and type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN). Protein excretion rose from 20 to 120 mg/day in Dahl S rats fed a high-salt diet (8.0% NaCl) for 4 wk to induce hypertension. Chronic treatment with XL081 markedly reduced proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis, but it also attenuated the development of hypertension. To determine whether an MMP inhibitor could oppose the progression of renal damage in the absence of changes in blood pressure, Dahl S rats were fed a high-salt diet (4.0% NaCl) for 5 wks to induce renal injury and then were treated with the more potent and bioavailable MMP inhibitor XL784 either given alone or in combination with lisinopril and losartan. Treatment with XL784 or the ANG II blockers reduced proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis by ~30% and had no effect on blood pressure. Proteinuria fell from 150 to 30 mg/day in the rats receiving both XL784 and the ANG II blockers, and the degree of renal injury fell to levels seen in normotensive Dahl S rats maintained from birth on a low-salt diet. In other studies, albumin excretion rose from 125 to >200 mg/day over a 4-mo period in 12-mo-old uninephrectomized T2DN rats. In contrast, albumin excretion fell by >50% in T2DN rats treated with XL784, lisinopril, or combined therapy. XL784 reduced the degree of glomerulosclerosis in the T2DN rats to a greater extent than lisinopril, and combined therapy was more effective than either drug alone. These results indicate that chronic administration of a selective MMP inhibitor delays the progression, and may even reverse hypertension and diabetic nephropathy.

Author List

Williams JM, Zhang J, North P, Lacy S, Yakes M, Dahly-Vernon A, Roman RJ


Paula E. North MD, PhD Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Blood Pressure
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetic Nephropathies
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Rats, Inbred Dahl
Sodium Chloride, Dietary