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Glucocorticoid feedback control of corticotropin in the hypoxic neonatal rat. J Endocrinol 2007 Feb;192(2):453-8

Date

02/07/2007

Pubmed ID

17283245

Pubmed Central ID

PMC1832161

DOI

10.1677/JOE-06-0103

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33947396870   8 Citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of manipulating glucocorticoid negative feedback on acute ACTH and corticosterone responses to corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) injection in 7-day-old rats exposed to normoxia or hypoxia from birth. Chemical adrenalectomy was achieved with aminoglutethimide, and glucocorticoids were replaced with a low dose of dexamethasone. Hypoxia per se increased basal plasma corticosterone and attenuated the plasma ACTH response to CRH. Aminoglutethimide per se decreased plasma corticosterone and strongly increased basal plasma ACTH and anterior pituitary POMC gene expression. Dexamethasone partially attenuated elevations in basal plasma ACTH due to aminoglutethimide in both normoxic and hypoxic pups, but inhibited anterior pituitary POMC expression and CRH-induced plasma ACTH only in hypoxic pups. Despite this inhibition, hypoxic pups treated with both dexamethasone and aminoglutethimide still exhibited a significant CRH-induced increment in plasma ACTH, which was lacking in hypoxic pups not treated with either dexamethasone or aminoglutethimide. We conclude that ACTH responses to acute stimuli in hypoxic neonatal rats are prevented by ACTH-independent increases in corticosterone, rather than by intrinsic hypothalamic-pituitary hypoactivity.

Author List

Raff H, Jacobson L

Author

Hershel Raff PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adrenergic Agents
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Aminoglutethimide
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Corticosterone
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Dexamethasone
Feedback, Physiological
Glucocorticoids
Hypoxia
Pituitary Gland, Anterior
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Stimulation, Chemical
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d