Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

A refined risk score for acute graft-versus-host disease that predicts response to initial therapy, survival, and transplant-related mortality. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2015 Apr;21(4):761-7

Date

01/15/2015

Pubmed ID

25585275

Pubmed Central ID

PMC4359643

DOI

10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.01.001

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84924230138   91 Citations

Abstract

To develop a novel acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) risk score, we examined the GVHD clinical stage and grade of 1723 patients at the onset of treatment with systemic steroids. Using clinical grouping, descriptive statistics and recursive partitioning, we identified poorly responsive, high-risk (HR) acute GVHD by the number of involved organs and severity of GVHD at onset. The overall response (complete response/partial response) rate 28 days after initiation of steroid therapy for acute GVHD was lower in the 269 patients with HR-GVHD than in the 1454 patients with standard risk (SR)-GVHD (44% [95% confidence interval (CI) 38% to 50%] versus 68% [95% CI, 66% to 70%], P < .001). Patients with HR-GVHD were less likely to respond at day 28 (odds ratio [OR], .3; 95% CI, .2 to .4; P < .001) and had higher risks of mortality (relative risk, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.7 to 2.6; P < .001) and transplant-related mortality (relative risk, 2.5; 95% CI, 2.0% to 3.2%, P < .001) than patients with SR-GVHD. This refined definition of acute GVHD risk is a better predictor of response, survival, and transplant-related mortality than other published acute GVHD risk scores. Patients with HR-GVHD are candidates for studies investigating new treatment approaches. Likewise, patients with SR-GVHD are candidates for studies investigating less toxic therapy.

Author List

MacMillan ML, Robin M, Harris AC, DeFor TE, Martin PJ, Alousi A, Ho VT, BolaƱos-Meade J, Ferrara JL, Jones R, Arora M, Blazar BR, Holtan SG, Jacobsohn D, Pasquini M, Socie G, Antin JH, Levine JE, Weisdorf DJ

Author

Marcelo C. Pasquini MD, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Allografts
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease-Free Survival
Female
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematologic Neoplasms
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Stem Cell Transplantation
Survival Rate
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a