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Rehabilitation referrals and outcomes in the early period after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant 2015 Oct;50(10):1352-7

Date

07/07/2015

Pubmed ID

26146804

Pubmed Central ID

PMC4598272

DOI

10.1038/bmt.2015.141

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84943457407   7 Citations

Abstract

In a cohort of inpatient hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients, we assessed patterns of referral to rehabilitation treatment, functional performance and short-term outcomes in patients who received post-transplant rehabilitation in comparison with those who did not. Among 201 first-time HCT recipients, 53 (26%) were referred to an inpatient rehabilitation provider, had an assessment of functional performance using the Functional Independence Measure scale and underwent rehabilitation treatments to address functional needs. Patients who received rehabilitation therapy were more likely to be females (P=0.02), older than 60 years of age (P=0.0146), employed (P=0.01), have hypertension (P=0.02), peripheral vascular disease (P=0.01) and pre-transplant Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS) <90 (P=0.02). Mean functional performance scores for transfers and ambulation increased significantly in the group with rehabilitation interventions (P=0.0022 and P<0.0001, respectively). There was no difference between the groups that did and did not receive rehabilitation treatments in 30-day re-admission rates. Patients who are 60 years of age or older, with pre-transplant KPS<90, and pre-transplant hypertension were more likely to be referred for rehabilitation treatments in the early period after HCT. Future studies should be designed to determine the optimal timing and cost effectiveness of functional assessment and rehabilitation treatments in this high-risk population.

Author List

Laine J, D'Souza A, Siddiqui S, Sayko O, Brazauskas R, Eickmeyer SM

Authors

Ruta Brazauskas PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anita D'Souza MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Aged
Cohort Studies
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Referral and Consultation
Rehabilitation
Transplantation Conditioning
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a