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Graft-versus-Host Disease after HLA-Matched Sibling Bone Marrow or Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation: Comparison of North American Caucasian and Japanese Populations. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2016 Apr;22(4):744-751



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84960476841   24 Citations


The risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after HLA-matched sibling bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is lower in Japanese than in Caucasian patients. However, race may have differential effect on GVHD dependent on the graft source. North American Caucasian and Japanese patients receiving their first allogeneic BMT or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from an HLA-matched sibling for leukemia were eligible. BMT was performed in 13% of the Caucasian patients and in 53% of the Japanese patients. On multivariate analysis, the interaction term between race and graft source was not significant in any of the models, indicating that graft source does not affect the impact of race on outcomes. The risk of grade III or IV acute GVHD was significantly lower in the Japanese patients compared with the Caucasian patients (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57 to 0.96), which resulted in lower risk of nonrelapse mortality in the Japanese patients (HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.89). The risk of relapse was also lower in this group. The lower risks of nonrelapse mortality and relapse resulted in lower overall mortality rates among the Japanese patients. In conclusion, our data indicate that irrespective of graft source, the risk of severe acute GVHD is lower in Japanese patients, resulting in a lower risk of nonrelapse mortality.

Author List

Kanda J, Brazauskas R, Hu ZH, Kuwatsuka Y, Nagafuji K, Kanamori H, Kanda Y, Miyamura K, Murata M, Fukuda T, Sakamaki H, Kimura F, Seo S, Aljurf M, Yoshimi A, Milone G, Wood WA, Ustun C, Hashimi S, Pasquini M, Bonfim C, Dalal J, Hahn T, Atsuta Y, Saber W


Ruta Brazauskas PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Marcelo C. Pasquini MD, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wael Saber MD, MS Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Chronic Disease
European Continental Ancestry Group
Graft vs Host Disease
Histocompatibility Testing
Middle Aged
Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Severity of Illness Index
Survival Analysis
Tissue Donors
Transplantation, Homologous
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a