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Different functional domains of GLUT2 glucose transporter are required for glucose affinity and substrate specificity. Endocrinology 1998 Oct;139(10):4205-12

Date

09/29/1998

Pubmed ID

9751501

DOI

10.1210/endo.139.10.6245

Abstract

GLUT2 is the major glucose transporter in pancreatic beta-cells and hepatocytes. It plays an important role in insulin secretion from beta-cells and glucose metabolism in hepatocytes. To better understand the molecular determinants for GLUT2's distinctive glucose affinity and its ability to transport fructose, we constructed a series of chimeric GLUT2/GLUT3 proteins and analyzed them in both Xenopus oocytes and mammalian cells. The results showed the following. 1) GLUT3/GLUT2 chimera containing a region from transmembrane segment 9 to part of the COOH-terminus of GLUT2 had Km values for 3-O-methylglucose similar to those of wild-type GLUT2. Further narrowing of the GLUT2 component in the chimeric GLUTs lowered the Km values to those of wild-type GLUT3. 2) GLUT3/GLUT2 chimera containing a region from transmembrane segment 7 to part of the COOH-terminus of GLUT2 retained the ability to transport fructose. Further narrowing of this region in the chimeric GLUTs resulted in a complete loss of the fructose transport ability. 3) Chimeric GLUTs with the NH2-terminal portion of GLUT2 were unable to express glucose transporter proteins in either Xenopus oocytes or mammalian RIN 1046-38 cells. These results indicate that amino acid sequences in transmembrane segments 9-12 are primarily responsible for GLUT2's distinctive glucose affinity, whereas amino acid sequences in transmembrane segments 7-8 enable GLUT2 to transport fructose. In addition, certain region(s) of the amino-terminus of GLUT2 impose strict structural requirements on the carboxy-terminus of the glucose transporter protein. Interactions between these regions and the carboxy-terminus of GLUT2 are essential for GLUT2 expression.

Author List

Wu L, Fritz JD, Powers AC

Author

Jeffery Duane Fritz PhD Associate Professor in the Medical School Regional Campuses department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Female
Fructose
Glucose
Glucose Transporter Type 2
Monosaccharide Transport Proteins
Recombinant Fusion Proteins
Structure-Activity Relationship
Substrate Specificity
Xenopus laevis