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Does FLT3 mutation impact survival after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia? A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) analysis. Cancer 2016 10;122(19):3005-3014

Date

06/18/2016

Pubmed ID

27315441

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5030151

DOI

10.1002/cncr.30140

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84978397912   25 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with FMS like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have a poor prognosis and are referred for early allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT).

METHODS: Data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) were used to evaluate 511 adult patients with de novo AML who underwent HCT during 2008 through 2011 to determine whether FLT3 mutations had an impact on HCT outcomes.

RESULTS: In total, 158 patients (31%) had FLT3 mutations. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed an increased risk of relapse at 3 years in the FLT3 mutated group compared with the wild-type (WT) group (38% [95% confidence interval (CI), 30%-45%] vs 28% [95% CI, 24%-33%]; P = .04; relative risk, 1.60 [95% CI, 1.15-2.22]; P = .0048). However, FLT3 mutation status was not significantly associated with nonrelapse mortality, leukemia-free survival, or overall survival. Although more patients in the FLT3 mutated group died from relapsed primary disease compared with those in the WT group (60% vs 46%), the 3-year overall survival rate was comparable for the 2 groups (mutated group: 49%; 95% CI, 40%-57%; WT group: 55%, 95% CI, 50%-60%; P = .20).

CONCLUSIONS: The current data indicate that FLT3 mutation status did not adversely impact overall survival after HCT, and about 50% of patients with this mutation who underwent HCT were long-term survivors. Cancer 2016;122:3005-3014. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

Author List

Deol A, Sengsayadeth S, Ahn KW, Wang HL, Aljurf M, Antin JH, Battiwalla M, Bornhauser M, Cahn JY, Camitta B, Chen YB, Cutler CS, Gale RP, Ganguly S, Hamadani M, Inamoto Y, Jagasia M, Kamble R, Koreth J, Lazarus HM, Liesveld J, Litzow MR, Marks DI, Nishihori T, Olsson RF, Reshef R, Rowe JM, Saad AA, Sabloff M, Schouten HC, Shea TC, Soiffer RJ, Uy GL, Waller EK, Wiernik PH, Wirk B, Woolfrey AE, Bunjes D, Devine S, de Lima M, Sandmaier BM, Weisdorf D, Khoury HJ, Saber W

Authors

Kwang Woo Ahn PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mehdi H. Hamadani MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wael Saber MD, MS Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Allografts
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Male
Middle Aged
Mutation
Neoplasm Staging
Prognosis
Survival Rate
Survivors
Young Adult
fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0