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Infection Rates among Acute Leukemia Patients Receiving Alternative Donor Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2016 09;22(9):1636-1645

Date

06/28/2016

Pubmed ID

27343716

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5008458

DOI

10.1016/j.bbmt.2016.06.012

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84991263492   48 Citations

Abstract

Alternative graft sources (umbilical cord blood [UCB], matched unrelated donors [MUD], or mismatched unrelated donors [MMUD]) enable patients without a matched sibling donor to receive potentially curative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Retrospective studies demonstrate comparable outcomes among different graft sources. However, the risk and types of infections have not been compared among graft sources. Such information may influence the choice of a particular graft source. We compared the incidence of bacterial, viral, and fungal infections in 1781 adults with acute leukemia who received alternative donor HCT (UCB, n=a??568; MUD, na??=a??930; MMUD, na??=a??283) between 2008 and 2011. The incidences of bacterial infection at 1 year were 72%, 59%, and 65% (Pa??<a??.0001) for UCB, MUD, and MMUD, respectively. Incidences of viral infection at 1 year were 68%, 45%, and 53% (Pa??<a??.0001) for UCB, MUD, and MMUD, respectively. In multivariable analysis, bacterial, fungal, and viral infections were more common after either UCB or MMUD than after MUD (Pa??<a??.0001). Bacterial and viral but not fungal infections were more common after UCB than MMUD (Pa??=a??.0009 and <.0001, respectively). The presence of viral infection was not associated with an increased mortality. Overall survival (OS) was comparable among UCB and MMUD patients with Karnofsky performance status (KPS)a??a?Ya??90% but was inferior for UCB for patients with KPSa??<a??90%. Bacterial and fungal infections were associated with poorer OS. Future strategies focusing on infection prevention and treatment are indicated to improve HCT outcomes.

Author List

Ballen K, Woo Ahn K, Chen M, Abdel-Azim H, Ahmed I, Aljurf M, Antin J, Bhatt AS, Boeckh M, Chen G, Dandoy C, George B, Laughlin MJ, Lazarus HM, MacMillan ML, Margolis DA, Marks DI, Norkin M, Rosenthal J, Saad A, Savani B, Schouten HC, Storek J, Szabolcs P, Ustun C, Verneris MR, Waller EK, Weisdorf DJ, Williams KM, Wingard JR, Wirk B, Wolfs T, Young JH, Auletta J, Komanduri KV, Lindemans C, Riches ML

Authors

Kwang Woo Ahn PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
David A. Margolis MD Interim Chair, Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Histocompatibility
Humans
Incidence
Leukemia
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Survival Analysis
Unrelated Donors
Young Adult