Medical College of Wisconsin
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Parathyroid carcinoma and atypical parathyroid neoplasms in MEN1 patients; A clinico-pathologic challenge. The MD Anderson case series and review of the literature. Int J Surg 2016 Jul;31:10-6



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84971452301   28 Citations


BACKGROUND: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a genetic disorder characterized by usually benign tumors of the parathyroid glands, pancreatic islet cells, and anterior pituitary. Hyperparathyroidism (HPT) occurs in 90% of MEN1 patients. In rare cases, it is associated with parathyroid carcinoma (PC) or atypical parathyroid neoplasm (APN). We present a cohort of 3 such patients.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of our institution's MEN1 database to identify patients who underwent operations for HPT and had a histopathologic diagnosis of PC or APN. Clinical features, genetics, and outcomes were summarized.

RESULTS: Of 291 MEN1 patients, 242 had HPT (83.2%). Two of the 242 patients (0.8%) had a histopathologic diagnosis of PC, and 1 (0.4%) had a diagnosis of APN. The patients with PC were male, ages 62 and 56 years at the time of surgery; the patient with APN was female, age 32 years. All patients also had a pancreatic endocrine tumor. The observed genetic mutations in the PC patients were c.703G > A (p.E235K) in exon 4 and c.1378C > T (p.R460X) in exon 10. All 3 patients had recurrence of hypercalcemia, and 2 patients underwent reoperation; pathologic analysis revealed the presence of a hyperplastic gland, not tumor recurrence. No cases had distant metastasis.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of APN in an MEN1 patient. Although rare, the presence of PC or APN in MEN1 is noteworthy because it affects the management if hypercalcemia recurs, possibly requiring an open approach rather than the minimally invasive techniques used in the reoperative setting for benign disease.

Author List

Christakis I, Busaidy NL, Cote GJ, Williams MD, Hyde SM, Silva Figueroa AM, Kwatampora LJ, Clarke CN, Qiu W, Lee JE, Perrier ND


Callisia N. Clarke MD Assistant Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Middle Aged
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Parathyroid Glands
Parathyroid Neoplasms
Retrospective Studies