Medical College of Wisconsin
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Clinical experience with planning, quality assurance, and delivery of burst-mode modulated arc therapy. J Appl Clin Med Phys 2016 09 08;17(5):47-59

Date

09/30/2016

Pubmed ID

27685123

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5874115

DOI

10.1120/jacmp.v17i5.6253

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84995550727

Abstract

"Burst-mode" modulated arc therapy (hereafter referred to as "mARC") is a form of volumetric-modulated arc therapy characterized by variable gantry rotation speed, static MLCs while the radiation beam is on, and MLC repositioning while the beam is off. We present our clinical experience with the planning techniques and plan quality assurance measurements of mARC delivery. Clinical mARC plans for five representative cases (prostate, low-dose-rate brain, brain with partial-arc vertex fields, pancreas, and liver SBRT) were generated using a Monte Carlo-based treatment planning system. A conventional-dose-rate flat 6 MV and a high-dose-rate non-flat 7 MV beam are available for planning and delivery. mARC plans for intact-prostate cases can typically be created using one 360° arc, and treatment times per fraction seldom exceed 6 min using the flat beam; using the nonflat beam results in slightly higher MU per fraction, but also in delivery times less than 4 min and with reduced mean dose to distal organs at risk. mARC also has utility in low-dose-rate brain irradiation; mARC fields can be designed which deliver a uniform 20 cGy dose to the PTV in approximately 3-minute intervals, making it a viable alternative to conventional 3D CRT. For brain cases using noncoplanar arcs, delivery time is approximately six min using the nonflat beam. For pancreas cases using the nonflat beam, two overlapping 360° arcs are required, and delivery times are approximately 10 min. For liver SBRT, the time to deliver 800 cGy per frac-tion is at least 12 min. Plan QA measurements indicate that the mARC delivery is consistent with the plan calculation for all cases. mARC has been incorporated into routine practice within our clinic; currently, on average approximately 15 patients per day are treated using mARC; and with the exception of LDR brain cases, all are treated using the nonflat beam.

Author List

Kainz K, Prah D, Ahunbay E, Li XA

Authors

Ergun Ahunbay PhD Associate Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kristofer Kainz PhD Associate Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
X Allen Li PhD Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Douglas Prah PhD Assistant Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Brain Neoplasms
Humans
Liver Neoplasms
Male
Monte Carlo Method
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Radiotherapy Dosage
Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
jenkins-FCD Prod-480 9a4deaf152b0b06dd18151814fff2e18f6c05280