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The prevalence of sexual dysfunction and its association with quality of life in adults with congenital heart disease. Int J Cardiol 2017 Feb 01;228:953-957

Date

12/03/2016

Pubmed ID

27912205

DOI

10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.192

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85006967410   5 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD) and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) is not well known. The aims of this study were to: determine the prevalence of SD, evaluate the risk factors associated with SD, and determine the association between SD and QOL in adults with CHD.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of adults (≥18years) with CHD presenting for routine follow-up at our institution. Subjects completed the CDC HRQOL-14 "Health Days Measure" to assess mental and physical health, and either the Sexual Health Inventory for Men or the Female Sexual Function Index to assess sexual function. Baseline characteristics were obtained via chart review.

RESULTS: 105 subjects were enrolled. The mean age was 31.9±11.7years, 53 (51%) were men, 81% were NYHA Functional Class 1, and 76% had moderate or complex CHD. The rates of SD were 28% overall in the cohort, 30% in men and 25% in women. Men with SD were more likely to be taking spironolactone (p<0.001) and digoxin (p=0.002). Men with SD reported a greater number of days of poor mental health (p=0.004), feeling anxious, worried or tense (p=0.003), needing assistance (p=0.042), and inhibited activity of daily living (p=0.009). Women with SD were more likely to have atrial arrhythmias (p=0.002) and to report fewer days feeling healthy and energetic (p=0.031).

CONCLUSIONS: SD is highly prevalent and associated with several indicators of worse health-related QOL in this young and well-functioning population.

Author List

Neiman A, Ginde S, Earing MG, Bartz PJ, Cohen S

Authors

Peter J. Bartz MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Scott B. Cohen MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Salil Ginde MD, MPH Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Age Distribution
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Heart Defects, Congenital
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Prognosis
Quality of Life
Reproductive Health
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological
Statistics, Nonparametric
Surveys and Questionnaires
United States
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a