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Predictors of HIV Care Engagement, Antiretroviral Medication Adherence, and Viral Suppression Among People Living with HIV Infection in St. Petersburg, Russia. AIDS Behav 2018 03;22(3):791-799



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85006355938   11 Citations


Over 1 million HIV infections have been diagnosed in Russia, and HIV care uptake and viral suppression are very low. 241 HIV-positive individuals in St. Petersburg were enrolled through social networks, provided blood for viral load testing, and completed measures of medication-taking adherence, readiness, and self-efficacy; psychosocial well-being; and substance use. Outcomes included attending an HIV care appointment in the past 6 months, >90% ART adherence, and undetectable viral load. 26% of participants had no recent care appointment, 18% had suboptimal adherence, and 56% had detectable viral load. Alcohol use consistently predicted all adverse health outcomes. Having no recent care visit was additionally associated with being single and greater past-month drug injection frequency. Poor adherence was additionally predicted by lower medication-taking self-efficacy and lower anxiety. Detectable viral load was additionally related to younger age. Comprehensive interventions to improve HIV care in Russia must address substance abuse, anxiety, and medication-taking self-efficacy.

Author List

Amirkhanian YA, Kelly JA, DiFranceisco WJ, Kuznetsova AV, Tarima SS, Yakovlev AA, Musatov VB


Yuri A. Amirkhanian PhD Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Jeffrey A. Kelly PhD Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Sergey S. Tarima PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Anti-Retroviral Agents
Continuity of Patient Care
HIV Infections
Medication Adherence
Middle Aged
Self Efficacy
Substance-Related Disorders
Viral Load
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0