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Development of an interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program designed to promote medical students' self efficacy. Med Educ Online 2017;22(1):1272835

Date

02/10/2017

Pubmed ID

28178916

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5328374

DOI

10.1080/10872981.2017.1272835

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks.

DESIGN: A mixed method evaluation was used to determine whether the goals of the program were achieved (n = 22). Student knowledge gains and retention of the microbiology content were assessed using a microbiology concept inventory. Students participated in focus groups to identify the benefits of participating in the program as well as the key components of the program that benefitted the students.

RESULTS: Program participants showed retention of microbiology content and increased confidence about the overall medical school experience after participating in the summer program.

CONCLUSIONS: By nurturing self-efficacy, participation in a pre-matriculation program supported medical students from Native American and rural backgrounds during their transition to medical school.

ABBREVIATIONS: CAIMH: Center of American Indian and Minority Health; MCAT: Medical College Admission Test; PBL: Problem based learning; UM MSD: University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth.

Author List

Kosobuski AW, Whitney A, Skildum A, Prunuske A

Author

Amy Jeanette Prunuske PhD Associate Professor in the Medical School Regional Campuses department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Education, Medical, Undergraduate
Female
Focus Groups
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Interdisciplinary Studies
Male
Minority Groups
Program Evaluation
Rural Health Services
Rural Population
Self Efficacy
United States
United States Indian Health Service
Young Adult
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