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Increasing use of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in patients aged 70 years and older in the United States. Blood 2017 08 31;130(9):1156-1164

Date

07/05/2017

Pubmed ID

28674027

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5580273

DOI

10.1182/blood-2017-03-772368

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85028876059   87 Citations

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated trends and outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in adults ≥70 years with hematologic malignancies across the United States. Adults ≥70 years with a hematologic malignancy undergoing first allogeneic HCT in the United States between 2000 and 2013 and reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research were eligible. Transplant utilization and transplant outcomes, including overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and transplant-related mortality (TRM) were studied. One thousand one hundred and six patients ≥70 years underwent HCT across 103 transplant centers. The number and proportion of allografts performed in this population rose markedly over the past decade, accounting for 0.1% of transplants in 2000 to 3.85% (N = 298) in 2013. Acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes represented the most common disease indications. Two-year OS and PFS significantly improved over time (OS: 26% [95% confidence interval (CI), 21% to 33%] in 2000-2007 to 39% [95% CI, 35% to 42%] in 2008-2013, P < .001; PFS: 22% [16% to 28%] in 2000-2007 to 32% [95% CI, 29% to 36%] in 2008-2013, P = .003). Two-year TRM ranged from 33% to 35% and was unchanged over time (P = .54). Multivariable analysis of OS in the modern era of 2008-2013 revealed higher comorbidity by HCT comorbidity index ≥3 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.27; P = .006), umbilical cord blood graft (HR, 1.97; P = .0002), and myeloablative conditioning (HR, 1.61; P = .0002) as adverse factors. Over the past decade, utilization and survival after allogeneic transplant have increased in patients ≥70 years. Select adults ≥70 years with hematologic malignancies should be considered for transplant.

Author List

Muffly L, Pasquini MC, Martens M, Brazauskas R, Zhu X, Adekola K, Aljurf M, Ballen KK, Bajel A, Baron F, Battiwalla M, Beitinjaneh A, Cahn JY, Carabasi M, Chen YB, Chhabra S, Ciurea S, Copelan E, D'Souza A, Edwards J, Foran J, Freytes CO, Fung HC, Gale RP, Giralt S, Hashmi SK, Hildebrandt GC, Ho V, Jakubowski A, Lazarus H, Luskin MR, Martino R, Maziarz R, McCarthy P, Nishihori T, Olin R, Olsson RF, Pawarode A, Peres E, Rezvani AR, Rizzieri D, Savani BN, Schouten HC, Sabloff M, Seftel M, Seo S, Sorror ML, Szer J, Wirk BM, Wood WA, Artz A

Authors

Ruta Brazauskas PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Saurabh Chhabra MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anita D'Souza MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Marcelo C. Pasquini MD, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aged
Cohort Studies
Demography
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Prognosis
Time Factors
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
United States
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a