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Biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease-linked mutations inhibit thiamine transport via hTHTR2: biotin is not a substrate for hTHTR2. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2006 Nov;291(5):C851-9

Date

06/23/2006

Pubmed ID

16790503

DOI

10.1152/ajpcell.00105.2006

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33751091272   51 Citations

Abstract

The water-soluble micronutrient thiamine is required for normal tissue growth and development in humans. Thiamine is accumulated into cells through the activity of two cell surface thiamine transporters (hTHTR1 and hTHTR2), which are differentially targeted in polarized tissues. Mutational dysfunction of hTHTR1 is associated with the clinical condition of thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia: the symptoms of which are alleviated by thiamine supplementation. Recently, two hTHTR2 mutants (G23V, T422A) have been discovered in clinical kindreds manifesting biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease (BBGD): the symptoms of which are alleviated by biotin administration. Why then does mutation of a specific thiamine transporter isoform precipitate a disorder correctable by exogenous biotin? To investigate the suggestion that hTHTR2 can physiologically function as a biotin transporter, we examined 1) the cell biological basis of hTHTR2 dysfunction associated with the G23V and T422A mutations and 2) the substrate specificity of hTHTR2 and these clinically relevant mutants. We show that the G23V and T422A mutants both abrogate thiamine transport activity rather than targeting of hTHTR2 to the cell surface. Furthermore, biotin accumulation was not detectable in cells overexpressing either the full length hTHTR2 or the clinically relevant hTHTR2 mutants, yet was demonstrable in the same assay using cells overexpressing the human sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter, a known biotin transporter. These results cast doubt on the most parsimonious explanation for the BBGD phenotype, namely that hTHTR2 is a physiological biotin transporter.

Author List

Subramanian VS, Marchant JS, Said HM

Author

Jonathan S. Marchant PhD Chair, Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Biological Transport
Biotin
Caco-2 Cells
Conserved Sequence
Dogs
Gene Expression Regulation
Glutamic Acid
Glycosylation
Humans
Membrane Transport Proteins
Models, Biological
Molecular Sequence Data
Mutant Proteins
Point Mutation
Protein Transport
RNA, Messenger
Substrate Specificity
Thiamine
Tritium
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a