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Disaccharide polyphosphates based upon adenophostin A activate hepatic D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. Biochemistry 1997 Oct 21;36(42):12780-90



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0030722963   64 Citations


The glyconucleotides adenophostin A and B are the most potent known agonists at type 1 inositol trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] receptors, although their stuctures differ markedly from that of Ins(1,4,5)P3. Equilibrium competition binding with [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3 and unidirectional 45Ca2+ flux measurements were used to examine the effects of adenophostin A in hepatocytes, which express predominantly type 2 Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors. Both Ins(1,4,5)P3 (Kd = 8.65 +/- 0.98 nM) and adenophostin A (Kd = 0.87 +/- 0.20 nM) bound to a single class of [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3-binding site and each fully mobilized the same intracellular Ca2+ pool; although, adenophostin A (EC50 = 10.9 +/- 0.7 nM) was more potent than Ins(1,4,5)P3 (EC50 = 153 +/- 11 nM). Working on the assumption that it is the phosphorylated glucose component of the adenophostins that mimics the critical features of Ins(1,4,5)P3, we synthesized various phosphorylated disaccharide analogs containing this structure. The novel disaccharide-based analogs, sucrose 3,4,3'-trisphosphate [Sucr(3,4,3')P3], alpha,alpha'-trehalose 3,4,3',4'-tetrakisphosphate [Trehal(3,4,3',4')P4], alpha,alpha'-trehalose 2,4,3', 4'-tetrakisphosphate [Trehal(2,4,3',4')P4], and methyl 3-O-(alpha-d-glucopyranosyl)-beta-d-ribofuranoside 2,3', 4'-trisphosphate [Rib(2,3',4')P3], were all able to mobilize the same intracellular Ca2+ pool as Ins(1,4,5)P3 and adenophostin A; although, none was as potent as adenophostin A. The rank order of potency of the analogs, adenophostin A > Ins(1,4,5)P3 approximately Rib(2,3',4')P3 > Trehal(2,4,3',4')P4 > Glc(2',3,4)P3 approximately Trehal(3,4,3',4')P4 > Sucr(3,4,3')P3, was the same in radioligand binding and functional assays of hepatic Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors. Both Rib(2,3',4')P3, which was as potent as Ins(1,4,5)P3, and Trehal(2,4,3',4')P4 bound with significantly higher affinity ( approximately 27 and approximately 3-fold, respectively) than the only active carbohydrate agonist of Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors previously examined [Glc(2',3,4)P3]. We conclude that phosphorylated disaccharides provide novel means of developing high-affinity ligands of Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors.

Author List

Marchant JS, Beecroft MD, Riley AM, Jenkins DJ, Marwood RD, Taylor CW, Potter BV


Jonathan S. Marchant PhD Chair, Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Binding, Competitive
Calcium Channels
Cell Membrane
Indicators and Reagents
Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate
Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors
Molecular Structure
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
Rats, Wistar
Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment
Structure-Activity Relationship
Sugar Phosphates
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a