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The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) for HIV Testing. J Immigr Minor Health 2018 Oct;20(5):1109-1117

Date

11/10/2017

Pubmed ID

29119305

DOI

10.1007/s10903-017-0665-6

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85033405159   3 Citations

Abstract

To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants' HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with project advisors, and subsequent revision of the scale. Phase 2 involved systematic translation- back translation and consensus-based editorial processes conducted by members of a bilingual and multi-national study team. In Phase 3, 339 sexually active, HIV-negative Spanish-speaking, non-citizen Latino migrant adults (both documented and undocumented) completed the scale via audio computer-assisted self-interview. The psychometric properties of the scale were tested with exploratory factor analysis and estimates of reliability coefficients were generated. Bivariate correlations were conducted to test the discriminant and predictive validity of identified factors. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a three-factor, 17-item scale. subscale reliability ranged from 0.72 to 0.79. There were significant associations between the ILCS and the HIV-testing behaviors of participants. Results of the pilot test and psychometric analysis of the ILCS are promising. The scale is reliable and significantly associated with the HIV-testing behaviors of participants. Subscales related to unwanted government attention and concerns about meeting moral character requirements should be refined.

Author List

Lechuga J, Galletly CL, Broaddus MR, Dickson-Gomez JB, Glasman LR, McAuliffe TL, Vega MY, LeGrand S, Mena CA, Barlow ML, Valera E, Montenegro JI

Authors

Michelle R. Broaddus PhD Associate Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Julia Dickson-Gomez PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Carol L. Galletly JD, PhD Associate Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Laura R. Glasman PhD Associate Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Timothy L. McAuliffe PhD Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Emigrants and Immigrants
Emigration and Immigration
Female
HIV Infections
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Morals
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Undocumented Immigrants
United States
Young Adult