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An expanded model of the temporal stability of condom use intentions: gender-specific predictors among high-risk adolescents. Ann Behav Med 2011 Aug;42(1):99-110

Date

02/25/2011

Pubmed ID

21347619

Pubmed Central ID

PMC3140620

DOI

10.1007/s12160-011-9266-0

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-79960583723   17 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adolescents involved with the criminal justice system are at particularly high-risk for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and sexually transmitted infections.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine gender-specific models of condom use, incorporating temporal stability of intentions.

METHODS: Adolescents on probation (N=728) were recruited to complete longitudinal surveys including measures of Theory of Planned Behavior and gender-specific constructs, relationship length, and condom use.

RESULTS: Gender-specific models of condom use behavior suggested by previous research were mostly replicated. For young women, the effect of baseline intentions on subsequent condom use behavior was stronger when intentions were either stable or increasing. For young men, more stable, increasing intentions were directly associated with more condom use. There was preliminary evidence to suggest an association between temporal stability of intentions and decreasing condom use in stable relationships.

CONCLUSIONS: Intervention efforts should be tailored by gender and aim to forestall decreasing intentions and condom use over time by addressing difficulties in maintaining condom use.

Author List

Broaddus MR, Schmiege SJ, Bryan AD

Author

Michelle R. Broaddus PhD Associate Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Condoms
Criminals
Female
Humans
Intention
Male
Psychological Theory
Safe Sex
Sex Characteristics
Time Factors