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Survival Rates of Stainless Steel Crowns and Multi-Surface Composite Restorations Placed by Dental Students in a Pediatric Clinic. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;42(3):167-172



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85046899818   2 Citations


PURPOSE: This study examined survival rates of multi-surface composite restorations and stainless steel crowns (SSCs) placed by students in a pediatric dental clinic as well as the length of time it takes for restorations to be replaced with stainless steel crowns.

STUDY DESIGN: Data from electronic dental records for all children with at least one 2-surface composite restorations or SSCs on a primary first or second molar from January 1, 2007 to September 30, 2015 were analyzed. The primary outcome was the time to a new restoration or SSC on the same tooth, with time to a crown as a secondary outcome. Descriptive statistics were obtained and the cumulative incidence of the event of interest was estimated using 95% confidence intervals and compared between groups using Fine-Gray regression.

RESULTS: A total of 6,288 teeth from 2,044 children were analyzed. Three years after the initial procedure, 1.5% of SSCs and 21% of 2 and 3 surface composite restorations failed and needed a replacement (Hazard Ratio [HR]= 14; 95% Confidence interval [CI] 9-22, p<0.001). Also, 6.8% of composite restorations needed replacement with SSCs' (HR=4; 95% CI: 3-7).

CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that stainless steel crowns had a higher survival rate than multi-surface composite resins placed by students at a pediatric dental clinic in primary molars of children.

Author List

Zahdan BA, Szabo A, Gonzalez CD, Okunseri EM, Okunseri CE


Christopher Okunseri DDS,MS Associate Professor and Director in the Clinical Services department at Marquette University
Aniko Szabo PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Child, Preschool
Composite Resins
Dental Prosthesis Design
Education, Dental
Hospitals, Pediatric
Materials Testing
Stainless Steel
Time Factors
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a