Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Effects of intra-resuscitation antiarrhythmic administration on rearrest occurrence and intra-resuscitation ECG characteristics in the ROC ALPS trial. Resuscitation 2018 Aug;129:6-12



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85047599490 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   14 Citations


BACKGROUND: Intra-resuscitation antiarrhythmic drugs may improve resuscitation outcomes, in part by avoiding rearrest, a condition associated with poor out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes. However, antiarrhythmics may also alter defibrillation threshold. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between rearrest and intra-resuscitation antiarrhythmic drugs in the context of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) amiodarone, lidocaine, and placebo (ALPS) trial.

HYPOTHESIS: Rearrest rates would be lower in cases treated with amiodarone or lidocaine, versus saline placebo, prior to first return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). We also hypothesized antiarrhythmic effects would be quantifiable through analysis of the prehospital electrocardiogram.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the ROC ALPS trial. Cases that first achieved prehospital ROSC after randomized administration of study drug were included in the analysis. Rearrest, defined as loss of pulses following ROSC, was ascertained from emergency medical services records. Rearrest rate was calculated overall, as well as by ALPS treatment group. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to assess the association between treatment group and rearrest, as well as rearrest and both survival to hospital discharge and survival with neurologic function. Amplitude spectrum area, median slope, and centroid frequency of the ventricular fibrillation (VF) ECG were calculated and compared across treatment groups.

RESULTS: A total of 1144 (40.4%) cases with study drug prior to first ROSC were included. Rearrest rate was 44.0% overall; 42.9% for placebo, 45.7% for lidocaine, and 43.0% for amiodarone. In multivariable logistic regression models, ALPS treatment group was not associated with rearrest, though rearrest was associated with poor survival and neurologic outcomes. AMSA and median slope measures of the first available VF were associated with rearrest case status, while median slope and centroid frequency were associated with ALPS treatment group.

CONCLUSION: Rearrest rates did not differ between antiarrhythmic and placebo treatment groups. ECG waveform characteristics were correlated with treatment group and rearrest. Rearrest was inversely associated with survival and neurologic outcomes.

Author List

Salcido DD, Schmicker RH, Kime N, Buick JE, Cheskes S, Grunau B, Zellner S, Zive D, Aufderheide TP, Koller AC, Herren H, Nuttall J, Sundermann ML, Menegazzi JJ, Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators


Tom P. Aufderheide MD Professor in the Emergency Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Stephanie Zellner in the CTSI department at Medical College of Wisconsin - CTSI

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
United States
Ventricular Fibrillation