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Studying a Rare Disease Using Multi-Institutional Research Collaborations vs Big Data: Where Lies the Truth? J Am Coll Surg 2018 Sep;227(3):357-366.e3

Date

06/16/2018

Pubmed ID

29906615

DOI

10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2018.05.009

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85049321185   10 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Multi-institutional collaborations provide granularity lacking in epidemiologic data sets to enable in-depth study of rare diseases. For patients with superficial, high-grade soft tissue sarcomas of the trunk and extremity, the value of radiation therapy (RT) is not clear. We aimed to use the 7-institution US Sarcoma Collaborative (USSC) and the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to investigate this issue.

STUDY DESIGN: All adult patients with superficial truncal and extremity high-grade soft tissue sarcomas who underwent primary curative-intent resection from 2000 to 2016 at USSC institutions or were included in the NCDB from 2004 to 2013 were analyzed. Propensity score matching was performed. End points were locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), overall survival (OS), and disease-specific survival (DSS).

RESULTS: Of 4,153 patients in the USSC, 169 patients with superficial high-grade tumors underwent primary curative-intent resection, 38% of which received RT. On multivariable Cox-regression analysis, RT was not associated with improved LRFS (p = 0.56), OS (p = 0.31), or DSS (p = 0.20). On analysis of 51 propensity score-matched pairs, RT was still not associated with increased LRFS, OS, or DSS. Analysis of 631 propensity score-matched pairs in the NCDB demonstrated improved 5-year OS rate associated with RT (80% vs 70%; p = 0.02). The LRFS and DSS rates were not evaluable.

CONCLUSIONS: Granular data afforded by collaborative research enables in-depth analysis of patient outcomes. The NCDB, although powered with large numbers, cannot assess many relevant outcomes (eg recurrence, DSS, or complications). In this study, the approaches yielded conflicting results. The USSC data suggested no value of radiation and the NCDB demonstrated improved OS, contradicting all randomized controlled trials in sarcoma. The pros and cons of either approach must be considered when applying results to clinical practice, and underscore the importance of randomized controlled trials.

Author List

Johnson AC, Ethun CG, Liu Y, Lopez-Aguiar AG, Tran TB, Poultsides G, Grignol V, Howard JH, Bedi M, Gamblin TC, Tseng J, Roggin KK, Chouliaras K, Votanopoulos K, Cullinan D, Fields RC, Delman KA, Wood WC, Cardona K, Maithel SK

Authors

Manpreet Bedi MD, MS Associate Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Thomas Clark Gamblin MD Chief, Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Aged
Cooperative Behavior
Extremities
Health Services Research
Humans
Interinstitutional Relations
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Propensity Score
Rare Diseases
Registries
Sarcoma
Soft Tissue Neoplasms
Survival Rate
Thorax
United States