Medical College of Wisconsin
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Integration and assessment of the situation-background-assessment-recommendation framework into a pharmacotherapy skills laboratory for interprofessional communication and documentation. Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2017 09;9(5):794-801



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85023602557   3 Citations


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The situation-background-assessment-recommendation (SBAR) framework is a commonly used method to structure verbal communication in the nursing and medicine disciplines and increases the effectiveness of interprofessional communication. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe how the SBAR framework is integrated into a pharmacotherapy skills laboratory for interprofessional communication and to report on student agreement of perceived realism, preparedness, and fairness of assessment relating to simulated SBAR activities.

EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Simulated, authentic interactions with healthcare providers were incorporated into a pharmacotherapy skills laboratory using the SBAR framework. Activities culminated with a performance-based assessment (PBA) exam which included verbal and written SBAR stations. Students completed a PBA exit survey reporting level of agreement with perceived realism, preparedness, and fairness of assessment related to the exam and answered open-ended questions reporting what they most and least liked.

FINDINGS: After completion of the PBA exam, students reported they agreed or strongly agreed (78%) the PBA was realistic to practice. Students reported increased agreement they were prepared to verbally communicate recommendations compared to document recommendations in the written SBAR framework (64% and 52% agreed or strongly agreed, respectively). Thematic content analysis revealed students preferred to document in the SBAR format and felt it was more realistic than the subjective-objective-assessment-plan (SOAP) note format.

DISCUSSION AND SUMMARY: The SBAR framework is relevant for pharmacist verbal communication and written documentation. Incorporation of the SBAR framework into a skills laboratory appears to prepare students for a PBA that was perceived as both realistic and fair.

Author List

Barnett S, Nagy MW, Hakim RC


Michael W. Nagy PharmD Assistant Professor in the School of Pharmacy Administration department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Attitude of Health Personnel
Drug Therapy
Education, Pharmacy
Interdisciplinary Communication
Interprofessional Relations
Surveys and Questionnaires