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The use of periinfarct contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for the prediction of late postmyocardial infarction ventricular dysfunction. Am Heart J 2008 Sep;156(3):498-505

Date

09/02/2008

Pubmed ID

18760132

DOI

10.1016/j.ahj.2008.04.012

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-49949108328   13 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although ejection fraction (EF) both perimyocardial infarction (MI) and late post-MI are important prognostic factors, only implantable cardioverter-defibrillator trials of post-MI patients with depressed late EF have shown improved survival. This may relate to imprecision of early EF because of post-MI stunning. We sought to determine if peri-MI infarct size, as measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), is superior to early EF to predict late post-MI EF.

METHODS: Seventy-three patients with ST-elevation MI had infarct size and EF quantified using CMR early (<1 week) and late (>3 months) post-MI.

RESULTS: Late EF was significantly correlated with early EF (R = 0.734, P < .001), and with infarct size (R = -0.661, P < .001), and both early EF and infarct size were significant predictors of late EF. Subgroup analyses showed that low late EF (<or=35%) was better predicted by infarct size than early EF. Half of the patients with early EF <or=35% had a late EF >35%. There was no difference in early EF between the subgroup with a late EF >35% compared to the subgroup with late EF </=35% (29.7% +/- 4.6% vs 28.0% +/- 4.9%, P = .414). There was, however, a significant difference between these 2 groups in infarct size (22.6% +/- 10.8% vs 34.7% +/- 7.8%, P = .011).

CONCLUSIONS: Infarct size as determined by CMR immediately post-MI is a significant predictor of late EF and is superior to early EF in patients with initially depressed EF. Further studies are warranted to assess whether infarct size estimation by CMR after acute MI can better identify patients who are at risk for sudden cardiac death than early EF.

Author List

Rubenstein JC, Ortiz JT, Wu E, Kadish A, Passman R, Bonow RO, Goldberger JJ

Author

Jason C. Rubenstein MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aged
Contrast Media
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardium
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
Stroke Volume
Time Factors
Ventricular Dysfunction
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a