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Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Male Germ Cell Tumors: Improved Outcomes Over 3 Decades. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 06;25(6):1099-1106



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Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85064954131   3 Citations


The curative potential of autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (autoHCT) for male germ cell tumors (GCTs) is well established. The optimal timing and number (single transplant [ST] versus tandem transplants [TT] versus triple transplants) of autoHCT are controversial, with wide practice variations. We examined survival trends among 2395 recipients of autoHCT for male GCTs between 1990 and 2015 reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. Trends and outcomes were analyzed by year of transplantation for intervals 1990 to 1994 (N = 288), 1995 to 1999 (N = 351), 2000 to 2004 (N = 376), 2005 to 2009 (N = 509), and 2010 to 2015 (N = 871). Multivariate analysis was restricted to the subset from 2000 to 2015 with research-level data (n = 267). The median duration of follow-up was 51 months. The median age at autoHCT was 31 years; 633 patients (26%) had primary extragonadal GCT, and 1167 (49%) underwent TT. The 3-year progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) improved from 24% (95% confidence interval [CI], 18% to 31%) and 35% (95% CI, 29% to 40%), respectively, in 1990 to 1994 to 47% (95% CI, 43% to 50%) and 54% (95% CI, 50% to 57%), respectively, in 2010 to 2015 (P < .0001). TT recipients were more likely than ST recipients to undergo autoHCT as first salvage treatment. The proportion of TTs increased from 38% of all autoHCTs in 2000 to 2004 to 77% in 2010 to 2015. Nonseminoma histology, residual disease at autoHCT, >1 line of pretransplantation chemotherapy, and ST versus TT were associated with inferior PFS and OS. Post-transplantation survival has improved significantly over time for relapsed/refractory male GCT and is associated with the increased use of TTs (compared with STs) and performance of autoHCT earlier in the disease course.

Author List

Kilari D, D'Souza A, Fraser R, Qayed M, Davila O, Agrawal V, Diaz MA, Chhabra S, Cerny J, Copelan E, Farhadfar N, Freytes CO, Gale RP, Ganguly S, Hildebrandt GC, Holmberg L, Kamble RT, Kapoor P, Lazarus H, Lee C, Murthy HS, Naik S, Nishihori T, Saad A, Savani BN, Seo S, Warwick A, Wirk B, Yared JA, Nieto Y, Hari P


Saurabh Chhabra MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anita D'Souza MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Raphael Fraser PhD Assistant Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Deepak Kilari MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Middle Aged
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Testicular Neoplasms
Time Factors
Transplantation, Autologous
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a