Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Naturally occurring dominant negative variants of Stat5. Mol Cell Biol 1996 Nov;16(11):6141-8

Date

11/01/1996

Pubmed ID

8887644

Pubmed Central ID

PMC231617

DOI

10.1128/mcb.16.11.6141

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0029826282   222 Citations

Abstract

Stat5 was initially identified as a prolactin-induced member of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) family in sheep. However, Stat5 is also activated in the response to a variety of cytokines. In mice, and possibly in other species, there exist two Stat5 genes (Stat5a and Stat5b) that encode proteins of 92 and 94 kDa that are 95% identical. In the studies described here, we demonstrate that naturally occurring carboxyl-truncated, variant Stat5 proteins of 77 and 80 kDa exist and that these proteins are inducibly tyrosine phosphorylated in the response to several cytokines and form heterodimers with the full-length, wild-type proteins. Using expression constructs encoding truncated forms, we demonstrate that the truncated forms can be tyrosine phosphorylated and bind DNA. Surprisingly, the tyrosine phosphorylation of the carboxyl-truncated forms is considerably more stable than that of the wild-type proteins. Overexpression of a carboxyl-truncated Stat5a in cells resulted in the specific inhibition of the transcriptional activation by interleukin-3 of the genes for oncostatin M (Osm) and the cytokine-inducible, SH2 domain-containing gene (Cis), both of which have been shown to be normally regulated by Stat5. Although Stat5 dominantly suppressed the induction of these genes, no effects on cell proliferation were observed. Together, the results demonstrate the natural existence of potentially dominantly suppressive variants of Stat5 and implicate the carboxyl domain of Stats in transcriptional regulation and functions related to dephosphorylation.

Author List

Wang D, Stravopodis D, Teglund S, Kitazawa J, Ihle JN

Author

Demin Wang PhD Assistant Professor in the Microbiology and Immunology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Antibodies
Cell Division
Cell Line
DNA-Binding Proteins
Erythropoietin
Genes, Dominant
Genetic Variation
Introns
Kinetics
Mice
Milk Proteins
Molecular Sequence Data
Peptide Fragments
Phosphorylation
Phosphotyrosine
Recombinant Proteins
STAT5 Transcription Factor
Sequence Deletion
Sheep
Trans-Activators
Tumor Cells, Cultured
jenkins-FCD Prod-469 c3fc8ab87196149f9b23743c01b947d47e7319e5