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Detection of Pepsin in Oral Secretions of Infants with and without Laryngomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2020 Mar;129(3):224-229

Date

10/22/2019

Pubmed ID

31631681

DOI

10.1177/0003489419884332

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85074441413   1 Citation

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Laryngomalacia is a common cause of stridor in infants and is associated with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Although pepsin in operative supraglottic lavage specimens is associated with severe laryngomalacia, detection of pepsin in oral secretions has not been demonstrated in an outpatient setting.

METHODS: Children <2 years old with laryngomalacia diagnosed by flexible laryngoscopy and children without stridor were selected. Oral secretion samples were obtained in clinic from all subjects. Pepsin, IL-1β, and IL-8 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were performed to determine presence of LPR.

RESULTS: Sixteen laryngomalacia and sixteen controls were enrolled. Pepsin was detected more frequently in oral secretions of patients with laryngomalacia (13/16) than in controls (2/16; P < .001). Four patients with laryngomalacia developed symptoms requiring supraglottoplasty. Presence and level of salivary pepsin was not significantly associated with need for surgical management, nor were the levels or presence of IL-1β or IL-8 significantly associated with presence or level of pepsin, diagnosis of laryngomalacia, or need for operative management.

CONCLUSION: Pepsin in saliva appears to be associated with laryngomalacia, suggesting a role for salivary pepsin as a noninvasive marker of LPR in patients with laryngomalacia. Future studies will determine the utility of this test in laryngomalacia.

Author List

Klimara MJ, Samuels TL, Johnston N, Chun RH, McCormick ME

Authors

Robert H. Chun MD Associate Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Nikki Johnston PhD Associate Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Michael E. McCormick MD Associate Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Biomarkers
Case-Control Studies
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Female
Humans
Infant
Interleukin-1beta
Interleukin-8
Laryngomalacia
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux
Laryngoscopy
Male
Pepsin A
Respiratory Sounds
Saliva
jenkins-FCD Prod-480 9a4deaf152b0b06dd18151814fff2e18f6c05280