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Is protection of ischemic neonatal myocardium by cardioplegia species dependent? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1990 Feb;99(2):280-7



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0025312107   24 Citations


Hypothermia combined with pharmacologic cardioplegia protects the globally ischemic adult heart, but this benefit may not extend to children, resulting in poor postischemic recovery of function and increased mortality. The relative susceptibilities to ischemia modified by hypothermia alone and by hypothermia plus cardioplegia were assessed in isolated perfused neonatal (3- to 4-day-old) rabbit and pig hearts. Hearts were perfused aerobically with Krebs buffer solution in the working mode for 30 minutes and aortic flow was recorded. This was followed by 3 minutes of hypothermic (14 degrees C) coronary perfusion with either Krebs or St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution No. 2 followed by hypothermic (14 degrees C) global ischemia (rabbits 2, 4, and 6 hours; pigs 2 and 4 hours). Hearts were reperfused for 15 minutes in the Langendorff mode and 30 minutes in the working mode, and recovery of postischemic aortic flow was measured. Hypothermia alone provided excellent protection of the ischemic neonatal rabbit heart, with recovery of aortic flow after 2 and 4 hours of ischemia at 91% +/- 4% and 87% +/- 5% (mean +/- standard deviation) of its preischemic value. Recovery after 6 hours of ischemia was depressed to 58% +/- 9% of its preischemic value. Ischemic neonatal pig hearts protected with hypothermia alone recovered 94% +/- 3% of preischemic aortic flow after 2 hours; none was able to generate flow after 4 hours. St. Thomas' Hospital solution No. 2 decreased postischemic aortic flow after 4 hours of ischemia in rabbit hearts from 87% +/- 5% to 70% +/- 7% (p less than 0.05, hypothermia alone versus hypothermia plus cardioplegia) but improved postischemic recovery of aortic flow in pig hearts after 4 hours of ischemia from 0 to 73% +/- 13% (p less than 0.0001, hypothermia alone versus hypothermia plus cardioplegia). This effect was dose related in both species. We conclude that the neonatal pig heart is more susceptible to ischemia modified by hypothermia alone than the neonatal rabbit and that St. Thomas' Hospital solution No. 2 improves postischemic recovery of function in the neonatal pig but decreases it in the neonatal rabbit. This species-dependent protection of the neonatal heart may be related to differences in the extent of myocardial maturity at the time of study.

Author List

Baker JE, Boerboom LE, Olinger GN


John E. Baker PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals, Newborn
Body Temperature
Cardioplegic Solutions
Creatine Kinase
Hypothermia, Induced
Species Specificity
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a