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Intestinal microbiota determine severity of myocardial infarction in rats. FASEB J 2012 Apr;26(4):1727-35

Date

01/17/2012

Pubmed ID

22247331

Pubmed Central ID

PMC3316900

DOI

10.1096/fj.11-197921

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84860909327   129 Citations

Abstract

Signals from the intestinal microbiota are important for normal host physiology; alteration of the microbiota (dysbiosis) is associated with multiple disease states. We determined the effect of antibiotic-induced intestinal dysbiosis on circulating cytokine levels and severity of ischemia/reperfusion injury in the heart. Treatment of Dahl S rats with a minimally absorbed antibiotic vancomycin, in the drinking water, decreased circulating leptin levels by 38%, resulted in smaller myocardial infarcts (27% reduction), and improved recovery of postischemic mechanical function (35%) as compared with untreated controls. Vancomycin altered the abundance of intestinal bacteria and fungi, measured by 16S and 18S ribosomal DNA quantity. Pretreatment with leptin (0.12 μg/kg i.v.) 24 h before ischemia/reperfusion abolished cardioprotection produced by vancomycin treatment. Dahl S rats fed the commercially available probiotic product Goodbelly, which contains the leptin-suppressing bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum 299v, also resulted in decreased circulating leptin levels by 41%, smaller myocardial infarcts (29% reduction), and greater recovery of postischemic mechanical function (23%). Pretreatment with leptin (0.12 μg/kg i.v.) abolished cardioprotection produced by Goodbelly. This proof-of-concept study is the first to identify a mechanistic link between changes in intestinal microbiota and myocardial infarction and demonstrates that a probiotic supplement can reduce myocardial infarct size.

Author List

Lam V, Su J, Koprowski S, Hsu A, Tweddell JS, Rafiee P, Gross GJ, Salzman NH, Baker JE

Authors

John E. Baker PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Nita H. Salzman MD, PhD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Cytokines
Drinking Water
Humans
Intestines
Leptin
Metagenome
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
Probiotics
Rats
Rats, Inbred Dahl
Vancomycin
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a