Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Effects of D-4F on vasodilation and vessel wall thickness in hypercholesterolemic LDL receptor-null and LDL receptor/apolipoprotein A-I double-knockout mice on Western diet. Circ Res 2005 Nov 25;97(11):1190-7



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33644675579   101 Citations


Previously we showed L-4F, a novel apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic, improved vasodilation in 2 dissimilar models of vascular disease: hypercholesterolemic LDL receptor-null (Ldlr(-/-)) mice and transgenic sickle cell disease mice. Here we determine the mechanisms by which D-4F improves vasodilation and arterial wall thickness in hypercholesterolemic Ldlr(-/-) mice and Ldlr(-/-)/apoA-I null (apoA-I(-/-)), double-knockout mice. Ldlr(-/-) and Ldlr(-/-)/apoA-I(-/-) mice were fed Western diet (WD) with and without D-4F. Oral D-4F restored endothelium- and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)-dependent vasodilation in direct relationship to duration of treatments and reduced wall thickness in as little as 2 weeks in vessels with preexisting disease in Ldlr(-/-) mice. D-4F had no effect on total or HDL cholesterol concentrations but reduced proinflammatory HDL levels. D-4F had no effect on plasma myeloperoxidase concentrations but reduced myeloperoxidase association with apoA-I as well as 3-nitrotyrosine in apoA-I. D-4F increased endothelium- and eNOS-dependent vasodilation in Ldlr(-/-)/apoA-I(-/-) mice but did not reduce wall thickness as it had in Ldlr(-/-) mice. Vascular endothelial cells were treated with 22(R)-hydroxycholesterol with and without L-4F. 22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol decreased NO (*NO) and increased superoxide anion (O2*-) production and increased ATP-binding cassette transporter-1 and collagen expression. L-4F restored *NO and O2*- balance, had little effect on ATP-binding cassette transporter-1 expression, but reduced collagen expression. These data demonstrate that although D-4F restores vascular endothelial cell and eNOS function to increase vasodilation, HDL containing apoA-I, or at least some critical concentration of the antiatherogenic lipoprotein, is required for D-4F to decrease vessel wall thickness.

Author List

Ou J, Wang J, Xu H, Ou Z, Sorci-Thomas MG, Jones DW, Signorino P, Densmore JC, Kaul S, Oldham KT, Pritchard KA Jr


John C. Densmore MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Keith T. Oldham MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kirkwood A. Pritchard PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mary Sorci Thomas PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1
ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
Apolipoprotein A-I
Cholesterol, HDL
Lipoproteins, HDL
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Mice, Knockout
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Receptors, LDL
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a