Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Effect of feeding modality on interstage growth after stage I palliation: a report from the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014 Oct;148(4):1534-9

Date

03/13/2014

Pubmed ID

24607373

Pubmed Central ID

PMC4126898

DOI

10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.02.025

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84908237645   27 Citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Achieving adequate growth after stage 1 palliation for children with single-ventricle heart defects often requires supplemental nutrition through enteral tubes. Significant practice variability exists between centers in the choice of feeding tube. The impact of feeding modality on the growth of patients with a single ventricle after stage 1 palliation was examined using the multiinstitutional National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative data registry.

METHODS: Characteristics of patients were compared by feeding modality, defined as oral only, nasogastric tube only, oral and nasogastric tube, gastrostomy tube only, and oral and gastrostomy tube. The impact of feeding modality on change in weight for age z-score during the interstage period, from stage 1 palliation discharge to stage 2 palliation, was evaluated by multivariable linear regression, adjusting for important patient characteristics and postoperative morbidities.

RESULTS: In this cohort of 465 patients, all groups demonstrated improved weight for age z-score during the interstage period with a mean increase of 0.3±0.8. In multivariable analysis, feeding modality was not associated with differences in the change in weight for age z-score during the interstage period (P=.72). Risk factors for poor growth were a diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (P=.003), vocal cord injury (P=.007), and lower target caloric goal at discharge (P=.001).

CONCLUSIONS: In this large multicenter cohort, interstage growth improved for all groups and did not differ by feeding modality. With appropriate caloric goals and interstage monitoring, adequate growth may be achieved regardless of feeding modality and therefore local comfort and complication risk should dictate feeding modality.

Author List

Hill GD, Hehir DA, Bartz PJ, Rudd NA, Frommelt MA, Slicker J, Tanem J, Frontier K, Xiang Q, Wang T, Tweddell JS, Ghanayem NS

Authors

Peter J. Bartz MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Michele Ann Frommelt MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Nancy A. Rudd RN Nurse Practitioner in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Jena B. Tanem Nurse Practitioner in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Tao Wang PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Female
Heart Defects, Congenital
Heart Ventricles
Humans
Infant
Male
Norwood Procedures
Nutritional Support
Palliative Care
Postoperative Period
Quality Improvement
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Treatment Outcome
Weight Gain
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a