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α-Galactosidase A-deficient rats accumulate glycosphingolipids and develop cardiorenal phenotypes of Fabry disease. FASEB J 2019 01;33(1):418-429

Date

07/07/2018

Pubmed ID

29979634

Pubmed Central ID

PMC6629127

DOI

10.1096/fj.201800771R

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85059237456   4 Citations

Abstract

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease caused by α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) deficiency. Kidney and heart failure are frequent complications in adulthood and greatly contribute to patient morbidity and mortality. Because α-Gal A-deficient mouse models do not recapitulate cardiorenal findings observed in patients, a nonmouse model may be beneficial to our understanding of disease pathogenesis. In this study, we evaluated disease processes in a recently generated Fabry rat model. We found that male Fabry rats weighed significantly less than wild-type (WT) males, whereas female Fabry rats weighed significantly more than WT females. Whereas no difference in female survival was detected, we observed that male Fabry rats had a decreased lifespan. Skin histology revealed that inflammation and lipoatrophy may be chief disease mediators in patients. With respect to the kidney and heart, we found that both organs accumulate α-Gal A substrates, including the established biomarkers, globotriaosylceramide and globotriaosylsphingosine. Longitudinal serum and urine chemistry panels demonstrated pronounced renal tubule dysfunction, which was confirmed histologically. Mitral valve thickening was observed in Fabry rats using echocardiography. We conclude that Fabry rats recapitulate important kidney and heart phenotypes experienced by patients and can be further used to study disease mechanisms and test therapies.-Miller, J. J., Aoki, K., Mascari, C. A., Beltrame, A. K., Sokumbi, O., North, P. E., Tiemeyer, M., Kriegel, A. J., Dahms, N. M., α-Galactosidase A-deficient rats accumulate glycosphingolipids and develop cardiorenal phenotypes of Fabry disease.

Author List

Miller JJ, Aoki K, Mascari CA, Beltrame AK, Sokumbi O, North PE, Tiemeyer M, Kriegel AJ, Dahms NM

Authors

Nancy M. Dahms PhD Professor in the Biochemistry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Alison J. Kriegel PhD Associate Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Paula E. North MD, PhD Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Disease Models, Animal
Fabry Disease
Female
Gene Knockout Techniques
Glycosphingolipids
Kidney Tubules, Proximal
Male
Phenotype
Rats
Renal Insufficiency
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
alpha-Galactosidase
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d