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Mesh term Synaptic Transmission

Browse to parent terms:
Electrophysiological Phenomena
Nervous System Physiological Phenomena
Signal Transduction


The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.

Browse to child terms:
Postsynaptic Potential Summation
Synaptic Potentials

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