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Mesh term Signal Transduction

Browse to parent terms:
Biochemical Phenomena
Cell Physiological Phenomena


The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.

Browse to child terms:
Excitation Contraction Coupling
Ion Channel Gating
Light Signal Transduction
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Mechanotransduction, Cellular
Non-Neuronal Cholinergic System
Second Messenger Systems
Synaptic Transmission
Wnt Signaling Pathway

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jenkins-FCD Prod-468 69a93cef3257f26b866d455c1d2b2d0f28382f14