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Combination of PTEN gene therapy and radiation inhibits the growth of human prostate cancer xenografts. Hum Gene Ther 2006 Oct;17(10):975-84

Date

09/21/2006

Pubmed ID

16984224

DOI

10.1089/hum.2006.17.975

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33846153618   35 Citations

Abstract

The resistance of prostate cancers to radiation therapy has been linked to abnormalities in overexpression of Bcl-2, an oncogene associated with inhibition of apoptosis. In this study, we evaluated whether the combination of the overexpression of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a protein known to inhibit Bcl-2 expression, and radiation therapy would inhibit proliferation of Bcl-2-expressing human prostate cancer cells inoculated into the subcutis of athymic mice. Compared with either treatment alone, the combination of adenoviral vector-expressed PTEN (AdPTEN) and radiation (5 Gy) significantly inhibited xenograft tumor growth. Median tumor size on day 48 was 1030 mm3 in untreated controls, 656 mm3 in mice treated with radiation (5 Gy) alone, 640 mm3 in mice treated with AdPTEN alone, and 253 mm3 in mice treated with the combination (p<0.001). Treatment was well tolerated in all cases. Combination treatment also enhanced apoptosis (p=0.048), inhibited cellular proliferation (p=0.005), and inhibited tumor-induced neovascularity (p=0.030). Interestingly, this treatment increased apoptosis not only in tumor cells but also in tumor-associated endothelial cells. Together, these findings indicate that AdPTEN strongly inhibits the growth of human prostate tumors, especially when combined with radiation therapy, and that this effect is mediated by the induction of apoptosis and by the inhibition of angiogenesis and cellular proliferation.

Author List

Anai S, Goodison S, Shiverick K, Iczkowski K, Tanaka M, Rosser CJ

Author

Kenneth A. Iczkowski MD Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Apoptosis
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Proliferation
Endothelial Cells
Gene Transfer Techniques
Genetic Therapy
Genetic Vectors
Humans
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Mice, Nude
Neovascularization, Pathologic
PTEN Phosphohydrolase
Prostatic Neoplasms
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
Transfection
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
jenkins-FCD Prod-399 190a069c593fb5498b7fcd942f44b7bc9cdc7ea1