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Intracellular catalase inhibition does not predispose rat heart to ischemia-reperfusion and hydrogen peroxide-induced injuries. Free Radic Res Commun 1993;19(6):397-407



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0027759676   11 Citations


The objective of this study was to determine whether inhibition of intracellular catalase would decrease the tolerance of the heart to ischemia-reperfusion and hydrogen peroxide-induced injuries. Isolated bicarbonate buffer-perfused rat hearts were used in the study. Intracellular catalase was inhibited with 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (ATZ, 1.5 g/kg body weight, two hours prior to heart perfusion). In the ischemia-reperfusion protocol, hearts were arrested with St. Thomas'II cardioplegic solution, made ischemic for 35 min at 37 degrees C, and reperfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer for 30 min. The extent of ischemic injury was assessed using postischemic contractile recovery and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage into reperfusate. In the hydrogen peroxide infusion protocol, hearts were perfused with increasing concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (inflow rates 0.05-1.25 mumol/min). Inhibition of catalase activity (30.4 +/- 1.8 mU/mg protein in control vs 2.4 +/- 0.3 mU/mg in ATZ-treated hearts) affected neither pre-ischemic aerobic cardiac function nor post-ischemic functional recovery and LDH release in hearts subjected to 35 min cardioplegic ischemic arrest. Myocardial contents of lipid hydroperoxides were similar in control and ATZ-treated animals after 20 min aerobic perfusion, ischemia, and ischemia-reperfusion. During hydrogen peroxide perfusion, there was an increase in coronary flow rate followed by an elevation in diastolic pressure and inhibition of contractile function in comparison with control hearts. The functional parameters between control and ATZ-treated groups remained unchanged. The concentrations of myocardial lipid hydroperoxides were the same in both groups. We conclude that inhibition of myocardial catalase activity with ATZ does not predispose the rat heart to ischemia-reperfusion and hydrogen peroxide-induced injury.

Author List

Konorev EA, Struck AT, Baker JE, Ramanujam S, Thomas JP, Radi R, Kalyanaraman B


John E. Baker PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Balaraman Kalyanaraman PhD Chair, Professor in the Biophysics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
James P. Thomas MD, PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Cardioplegic Solutions
Coronary Circulation
Hydrogen Peroxide
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Lipid Peroxides
Myocardial Contraction
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a